Health Defined and the 13 Components of Health
What is Health?
A historic definition of Health:
1st Century Rome- "Mens sana in corpore sano"
"A healthy mind in a healthy body" is a famous Latin quotation derived from Satire X of the Roman poet Juvenal. Often translated as: "a sound mind in a sound body".
A more recent definition of Health:
World Health Organization (WHO, 1946)
"a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."
http://www.who.int/about/definition/en/print.html Preamble to the Constitution of the World Health Organization as adopted by the International Health Conference, New York, 19-22 June, 1946; signed on 22 July 1946 by the representatives of 61 States (Official Records of the World Health Organization, no. 2, p. 100) and entered into force on 7 April 1948. The Definition has not been amended since 1948.
The definition to be utilized by this project:
"Optimal Health is both the outcome and the process of living life exceptionally well. It is dynamic, ever-changing and is best achieved by purposely relating and skillfully interacting with the components of health that matter most." (Salscheider, 2015)
For the purposes of this project, the components of health that matter most are found within 4 categories. They are:
1. Mind Health (Poet Juvenal, 1st century Rome)
2. Body Health (Poet Juvenal, 1st century Rome)
3. Social-Interactive Health (WHO, 1946)
4. External Health (Salscheider, 2015)
The 4 Categories of Health and 13 Components of Health that may Matter Most
Mind Health (interpreting sensory data, thinking, attributing, & making decisions effectively)
1. Emotional Health: feeling good, fostering resiliency, contentment and stability, addiction-free
2. Intellectual Health: advancing knowledge/discernment via quality unbiased thinking and decision-making
Body Health (cellular to biomechanical system efficiencies)
3. Physical Health: efficient bodily functioning via fitness, nutrition and rest, minimal chronic pain
4. Recreational Health: merging refreshment with leisure activity, play and rest
5. Sexual Health: experiencing appropriate sexual thoughts and appropriate physical expressions, sometimes with exhilaration, often with intimacy, not under coercion or violence, often limited by culture and law, and satisfied with current level of sexual expression
Social-Interactive Health (the quality of your personal relationships)
6. Family Health: quality of committed relationships with mom, dad, sons, daughters, procreation, brothers, sisters, grandparents, dog, cat, etc., minimal family dysfunction
7. Friend Health: quality of committed relationships with non-family and non-partner acquaintances
8. Love/Mate Health: quality of committed relationship with a mate, spouse, partner, girlfriend, boyfriend; sharing love together, emotionally romantic, this is not about sex (that's under sexual health)
9. Spiritual Health: your belief and/or relationship with a power greater than yourself, or oneness with nature/universe, or relating purposely with God, may consider the concept of eternal life, or TBD, or spiritual health does not exist
External Health (the quality and quantity of your environmental, financial, occupational, and political assets)
10. Environmental Health: the quality of the climate around you, the physical & mental conditions of your community where you live, including and expanding beyond clean air, clean water, and sustainability
11. Financial Health: acquiring and appropriating assets/finances to an acceptable threshold and enjoying financial stability and sustainability
12. Occupational Health: job fulfillment and personal achievement, creating value in what you do at a safe place at work or at home
13. Political Health: enjoying and exercising freedom, being at liberty (pursuit of happiness including freedom of expression and movement, owning property, voting, etc.)